LLC Bound by Contract Even Though Contract Was Outside Its Purpose and Signatory Was Technically Not a Manager

The following is the text of an e-bulletin that I authored on apparent authority and that was published by the Corporations Committee of the Business Law Section of the State Bar of California. In  Western Surety Co. v. La Cumbre … Continue reading

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Perfected Security Interest Yields to Breach of Fiduciary Duty

If a party succeeds in perfecting a security interest in personal property by breaching a fiduciary duty, the security interest may be disregarded for the benefit of the person owed the fiduciary duty. In Feresi v. The Livery, LLC (2014) … Continue reading

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Changes to California’s LLC Act — Get Ready or Get Skewered

California has a new LLC act, which took effect January 1, 2014. Although the new law has some useful features, most LLCs won’t need them. Unfortunately, the new law automatically applies to existing LLCs, and the new law contains provisions … Continue reading

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Excluding Assets From a Personal Guaranty

The following is the text of an e-bulletin that I prepared that was published by the Corporations Committee of the Business Law Section of the State Bar of California. This was republished (under the title of “Excluding Assets from a … Continue reading

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Superfluous Text in a Contract Opens Door to Litigation

The recent case of Schron v. Troutman Saunders LLP, from the New York Court of Appeals, New York’s highest court, shows the importance of not including unnecessary verbiage in a contract just because it’s traditional. In this case, an LLC … Continue reading

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California Supreme Court Overrules Prendergrass

In Riverisland Cold Storage, Inc. v. Fresno-Madera Production Credit Association (January 14, 2013), the California Supreme Court overruled a precedent of over 75 years’ standing (Bank of America etc. Assn. v. Pendergrass (1935) 4 Cal.2d 258) and held that a … Continue reading

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Home State Law Applied to Dissolved Corporation

In Robinson v. SSW, Inc. (2012), a California court applied Nebraska law to determine the liability of a dissolved Nebraska corporation for injuries the corporation allegedly caused to a California resident. Douglas G. Robinson died in November 2005 from mesothelioma, a … Continue reading

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Minority Shareholder Can Not Bring Claims Against the Corporation’s Counsel

In Reilly v. Greenwald & Hoffman, LLP (2011) 196 Cal. App. 4th 891, the court held that a minority shareholder could not bring a derivative action against the corporation’s outside counsel for misrepresentation, malpractice, or breach of contract. In March … Continue reading

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A Risk of Making Threats in Disputes

When there is a business dispute, a party sometimes wants to use the maximum leverage possible. Caution should be exercised to make sure that the effort to exercise leverage does not boomerang. One of the common ways that parties seek … Continue reading

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Careful Drafting Pays off in Contracts

Flint Hills Resources, LP  v. Jag Energy, Inc., 559 F.3d 373 (5th Cir. 2009) doesn’t establish any particularly important principle of law. Instead it’s being mentioned because it illustrates the value of good drafting. Flint Hills, a refiner of crude … Continue reading

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